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注冊日期 : 2023-01-02

In a contentious election, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh Empty In a contentious election, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh

周一 1月 08, 2024 12:30 pm
Following a contentious election, Sheikh Hasina, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, has successfully achieved her fourth consecutive term in office.

The Awami League and its allies were successful in winning 223 of the 300 parliamentary seats that were up for election, which means that Ms. Hasina will continue to serve in office for another five years.

As a result of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, the most prominent opposition party, abstaining from the election, it is anticipated that Ms. Hasina's party and its allies will also win the remaining seats.

It was stated by the BNP that the poll was a hoax.

Following a large-scale arrest of BNP officials and sympathizers, the result was announced on Sunday.

There was a low voter participation of approximately forty percent, according to official data; however, skeptics argue that even those numbers may be overstated. Compared to the last recent election, which took place in 2018, the voter turnout was higher than 80 percent.

In the election, 45 seats were won by independent candidates, practically all of them were members of the Awami League itself. The Jatiya Party got eight seats. At a later time on Monday, the results are anticipated to be made publically available.

In total, this is the fifth term that Ms. Hasina has served as Prime Minister. She was first elected to the position in 1996, and she was re-elected in 2009, and she has remained in power ever since.

During the process of casting her vote, she stated to the reporters, "I am doing everything in my power to make sure that democracy is maintained in this country."

Ms. Hasina had urged party leaders and followers not to hold victory processions or engage in celebrations, according to Obaidul Quader, the general secretary of the Awami League, who communicated this information to the media.

After an opposition march on October 28 turned violent, resulting in the deaths of at least 16 people and injuries to more than 5,500 others, Human Rights Watch (HRW) believes that approximately 10,000 activists were arrested as a result of the incident. The administration was accused of "filling prisons with political opponents of the ruling Awami League," according to another accusation.

All of these allegations have been refuted by the Awami League.

Weeks before the election, my husband passed away in a prison in Bangladesh.
Concerns have been voiced regarding the possibility that this recent victory for the Awami League could result in the dominance of a single party.

Almost no one anticipates that the government will let up on its enforcement. If opposition parties and civil society groups continue to raise issues about the legitimacy of the government, this question will become even more important.

In response to the Awami League's refusal to grant the BNP's requests for an independent caretaker administration to oversee the election, the BNP decided to abstain from participating in the election.

In the meantime, "our peaceful and non-violent movement will vigorously continue," Tarique Rahman, the acting chairman of the BNP, said in an email to the BBC from London, where he has been residing since 2008.

In addition, Mr. Rahman, who is the son of Ms. Hasina's fierce rival, former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia, refuted allegations that members of the BNP party were involved in arson attacks in the days leading up to the election.

After being charged with corruption, Ms. Zia is currently being held under house arrest.

Mr. Rahman was found guilty of coordinating a grenade attack on a campaign rally for Ms. Hasina in 2004 and was sentenced to life in prison in 2018. The conviction was handed down in absentia in November of 2018. During that incident, Ms. Hasina sustained injuries, while at least twenty other people lost their lives.

"All allegations against me are baseless and rooted in political vengeance," stated the politician.

Additionally, the BNP urged individuals to abstain from casting their votes.

In the run-up to the elections, disillusioned voters ask, "What is the point?" However, supporters of Ms. Hasina believe that she has brought Bangladesh the much-needed political stability that the country has been lacking.

As a result of our sustained participation in the democratic process, this political stability has been achieved. Law Minister Anisul Huq is quoted as saying, "I believe that Sheikh Hasina should be credited for that accomplishment."

The confidence that she has instilled in the minds of the people of Bangladesh is the single most significant accomplishment that Ms. Hasina has accomplished over the course of the previous 15 years. He continued by saying, "They have attained a level of self-confidence."

The situation in Bangladesh under the leadership of Ms. Hasina is quite different. While she has been in charge of the Muslim-majority nation, which was formerly among the poorest in the world, she has been able to achieve credible economic progress since 2009.

It is presently one of the economies in the region that is developing at the highest rate, even surpassing the economy of its enormous neighbor, India. In the past ten years, the country's per capita income has increased by a factor of three, and according to figures provided by the World Bank, more than twenty-five million people have been pulled out of poverty in the past twenty years. The country is also the second largest producer of garments in the world, behind only China.

The epidemic and a slowdown in economic activity around the world caused the economy to become unstable in the middle of the year 2022.

In the run-up to the election, disillusioned voters are asked, "What is the point?"
It may be difficult for the government to deal with the impact from the public as inflation continues to rise and the requirements for an IMF loan that it obtained previously begin to take effect.

Additionally, pressure from the international community is beginning to exert itself.

It was in September that the United States government started placing visa restrictions on Bangladeshi officials who were deemed to be responsible for subverting the democratic election process in their country.

A number of international organizations, including the United Nations, have also voiced their concern on violations of human rights and the suppression of dissent.

Ms. Hasina is well aware of the fact that any threat of big sanctions from the West can be effectively neutralized so long as India continues to support her.

The significance of India in the elections of Bangladeshis
Countries that have developed their economies are also aware that any withdrawal of privileges to Bangladesh's garment sector would have a negative impact on millions of workers, the most of whom are women.

In the year 1996, Ms. Hasina started her tenure as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. She has been in power ever since she was re-elected in 2009, making her the leader who has held that position for the longest period of time in Bangladesh's history.

She is going to be 81 years old when she finishes her term as prime minister. For many people in Bangladesh, including those who are supporters of the Awami League, the subject of who would succeed her is a significant one.

The outcome of the election was crystal obvious, but the future appears to be uncertain, according to some commentators.


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