紀由屋分享坊
Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.


Anonymous
derw
訪客

Pawleys Island, many barrier island communities anchor long-entrenched tourist economies Empty Pawleys Island, many barrier island communities anchor long-entrenched tourist economies

周一 10月 03, 2022 11:47 am
Ian shows the risks and costs of living on barrier islands
When Hurricane Ian struck Florida’s Gulf Coast, it washed out the bottom level of David Muench's home on the barrier island of Sanibel along with several cars, a Harley-Davidson and a boat.
His parents' house was among those destroyed by the storm that killed at least two people there, and the lone bridge to the crescent-shaped island collapsed, cutting off access by car to the mainland for its 6,300 residents.
Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5
Watch Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5
Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5 Online
Watch Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5 Online
Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5 today
Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5 full
Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5 cast
Rick and Morty Season 6 Episode 5 recap
Hurricane Ian underscores the vulnerability of the nation's barrier islands and the increasing costs of people living on the thin strips of land that parallel the coast. As hurricanes become more destructive, experts question whether such exposed communities can keep rebuilding in the face of climate change.
“This is a Hurricane Katrina-scale event, where you’re having to rebuild everything, including the infrastructure,” said Jesse M. Keenan, a real estate professor at Tulane University’s School of Architecture. “We can't build back everything to what it was — we can't afford that."
Scroll back up to restore default view.
Ian slammed into southwest Florida as a Category 4 hurricane Wednesday with among the highest windspeeds in U.S. history — in nearly the same spot where Hurricane Charley, also a Category 4, caused major damage in 2004.
Of the 50 tropical cyclones that have come within 100 nautical miles of the Fort Myers area since 1873, 23 have been hurricanes that passed within 75 miles (120 kilometers) of Sanibel Island, according to the city’s website. Each posed “a significant threat to property and lives on the island at some point in its life cycle.”
In 1921, a massive hurricane wiped out half of neighboring Captiva’s landmass and cut that island in two, according to the Sanibel Historical Museum & Village.
The latest storm has initiated a new cycle of damage and repair on Sanibel that's played out on many other barrier islands, from the New Jersey shore and North Carolina's Outer Banks to a ribbon of land along the Louisiana coast.
Barrier islands were never an ideal place for development, experts say. They typically form as waves deposit sediment off the mainland. And they move based on weather patterns and other ocean forces. Some even disappear.
Interview with the Vampire Season 1 Episode 1
Interview with the Vampire Season 1 Episode 1 Online
Watch Interview with the Vampire Season 1 Episode 1
Interview with the Vampire Episode 1
Interview with the Vampire Episode 1 Premiere
Interview with the Vampire Episode 1 cast
Watch Interview with the Vampire Episode 1
Interview with the Vampire Episode 1 Online
Building on the islands and holding them in place with beach replenishment programs just makes them more vulnerable to destruction because they can no longer move, according to experts.
“They move at the whims of the storms,” said Anna Linhoss, a professor of biosystems engineering at Auburn University. "And if you build on them, you’re just waiting for a storm to take them away.”
After devastating parts Florida, Ian made landfall again in South Carolina, where Pawleys Island was among the hardest hit places. Friday’s winds and rains broke apart the barrier island's main pier, one of several in the state to crumble and wash away.
On Saturday, homeowners in the beach community about 73 miles (120 kilometers) up the coast from Charleston struggled to assess damage from storm. The causeways connecting the island to the mainland were strewn with palm fronds, pine needles and even a kayak retrieved from a nearby shoreline.
Like Pawleys Island, many barrier island communities anchor long-entrenched tourist economies, which are often the source of crucial tax dollars. At the same time, the cost of rebuilding them is often high because they're home to many expensive properties, such as vacation homes.
“When there’s a disaster like this, we will pour tens of billions of public dollars into these communities to help them rebuild,” said Robert S. Young, director of the Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines, which is a joint venture between Duke University and Western Carolina University.
“And we will ask very little for that money in return in terms of taking a step back from places that are incredibly exposed to hazards and making sure that we never have this kind of a disaster again,” Young said.
But any big changes to the standard disaster response will be complicated, said Dawn Shirreffs, Florida director of the Environmental Defense Fund.
Challenges could include decisions on who participates in programs that elevate flood-prone homes or programs that buy those homes and tear them down. Planting mangroves to prevent erosion could end up blocking someone’s view.
Many homeowners bought their properties before people were fully aware of climate change and the risks of sea-level rise, Shirreffs said.
Keenan, the Tulane professor, said Sanibel will undoubtedly be changed by Hurricane Ian, based on the research he's done. There will be fewer government resources to help people rebuild. Those with fewer means and who are underinsured will likely move. People with financial means will stay.
“Sanibel will just be an enclave for the ultrawealthy,” Keenan said.
But Muench, the Sanibel resident, said homeowners and business owners are sure to rebuild their properties.
His family has owned and operated a campground on the island for three generations. The island, he said, is “paradise — we live in the most beautiful place on Earth.”
“We are going to continue to exist on Sanibel,” Muench, 52, said from Fort Myers on Friday after evacuating Sanibel. “Give us five years, and you might not even notice if you didn’t know.”
Finley reported from Norfolk, Virginia. Associated Press reporters Curt Anderson in St. Petersburg, Florida, and Meg Kinnard in Pawleys Island, South Carolina, contributed to this story.
The zookeepers were deliberate, wrapping her head in a blanket. One clenched shut her massive beak, another secured her slender legs, and a third gripped around her folded wings as they guided her to a cart.
Odette the shoebill stork would be safe from the coming storm.
Subscribe to The Post Most newsletter for the most important and interesting stories from The Washington Post.
The arrival of Hurricane Ian didn't just displace thousands of people in Florida. The bruising winds and surging waters also dislodged animal residents. Here's what happened to both wild and captive creatures across the peninsula.
- - -
- Was the 'street shark' in that viral video real?
Images purporting to show marine life swimming through cities during storms are common online hoaxes.
But a viral video of a finned creature - perhaps a shark - during Hurricane Ian appears to be the real deal.
A local real estate developer named Dominic Cameratta filmed a large fish flopping around from his back patio Wednesday morning near Hendry Creek, according to the Associated Press.
"I didn't know what it was - it just looked like a fish or something," he told the news wire. "I zoomed in, and all my friends are like, 'It's like a shark, man!' " The AP confirmed the date the video was recorded with the original clip's metadata.
- - -
- What did Florida zoos do to protect their animals?
As the storm approached this week, spoonbills and cranes in addition to Odette were gathered from free-flight aviaries at ZooTampa at Lowry Park. Anoas, a type of diminutive water buffalo, were loaded into a trailer towed by a John Deere tractor. Critically endangered red wolves - fewer than 300 still exist - were hauled onto a box truck to be brought indoors.
"Obviously, living in Florida, hurricanes are something we have to be prepared for," said Chris Massaro, ZooTampa's senior vice president of zoological operations, noting that zoos write detailed plans to deal with disaster.
Inland at the Central Florida Zoo and Botanical Gardens near Orlando, zookeepers made sure rare Florida black bears, leopards and PJ the greater one-horned rhinoceros were bunkered safely in barns.
Meanwhile, macaws, hornbills and hawks were brought into the zoo's ballroom, with handlers on hand to ride out the storm. Two bald eagles and a caracara were stored in the facility's bathroom. During the commotion, birds of prey were draped with sheets.
"It just helps keep them quiet and relaxed," zoo director Stephanie Williams said.
All of the zoo's animals were accounted for, both Williams and Massaro said.
That isn't the case after every hurricane. When Hurricane Andrew smashed Miami in 1992, locals reported unusual birds, deer and even an African lion wandering South Florida, forcing officials to go on patrol to round up the escapees.
- - -
What's happened to the cute cat rescued by that nice guy in Bonita Springs?
A video of Mike Ross, 29, saving a tabby stranded outside his parents' home went viral after his girlfriend posted it on Twitter this week.
Floridians across the state have rescued stray animals during hurricanes over the years, and the scene of Ross gently plucking the cat from atop an air conditioning unit resonated with animal lovers across the country.
For now, Ross and his family are sheltering the cat, and they plan to keep it if they cannot find its owners.


查看下一個下一個上一篇主題查看上一個
這個論壇的權限:
無法 在這個版面回復文章